Buxman, Karyn (ed.) 1995, Nursing Perspectives on Humor. Staten Island, NY: Power Publishers,.
Cousins, Norman. 1979. Anatomy of an illness as perceived by the patient. New York: W. W. Norton.
Klein, Allen. 1989, Healing Power of Humor. Los Angeles CA: Tarcher
McGhee, Paul. 1996, Health, Healing and the Amuse System. Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt.
Robinson, Vera. 1991, Humor and the Health Professions, 2nd ed. Thorofare, NJ: Charles B. Slack.
Wooten, Patty. 1996, Compassionate Laughter. Utah: Commune-A-Key.
Wooten, Patty 1996, Humor: An antidote for Stress. Holistic Nursing Practice., 10 (2). pp. 49-56.
Armfield, N R., Bradford, N., Spitzer, P., Smith, A C. 2011, 'Brief Communication, Humour Sans Frontieres: The Feasibility of Providing Clown Care at a Distance,' Telemedicine and e-health, vol. 17, no. 4.
Therapeutic Humour and Physiological Response
Berk, L. & Tan, S. 1989, Eustress of mirthful laughter modifies natural killer cell activity. Clinical Research, 37, 115.
Berk, L.S., Tan, S.A., Fry, W.F., Napier, B.J., Lee, J.W. Hubbard, R.W. Lewis, J.E. & Eby, W.C. 1989, Neuroendrocrine and stress hormone changes during mirthful laughter. American Journal of the Medical Sciences. 298(6), 390-396.
Berk, L.S., Tan, S.A. Nehlsen-Cannarella et al, Humour associated laughter decreases cortisol and increases spontaneous lymphocyte balstogenesis. Clinical Resident 36
Cousins, Norman. Head First: the Biology of Hope. NY NY: Dutton, 1989.
Dillon, K.M., Minchoff, B., & Baker, K.H. 1985-86, Positive emotional states and enhancement of the immune system. International Journal of Psychiatry, 15(1), 13-18.
Fry, W.F. 1992, The physiologic effects of humor, mirth, and laughter. Journal of the American Medical Association, 267(13), 1857-1858.
Fry, William F. 1971, Laughter: Is It the Best Medicine? Stanford M.D. 10 16-20.
Fry, William F. 1971, Mirth and Oxygen Saturation of Peripheral Blood. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics 19 76-84.
Fry, William F. 1977, The Respiratory Components of Mirthful Laughter. The Journal of Biological Psychology 19 39-50.
Fry, William F. 1994, The Biology of Humor. HUMOR: International Journal of Humor Research 7.2 111-126.
Fry, W., Savin, W.M., 1988, Mirthful Laughter and Blood Pressure, Humour: International journal of Humour Reasearch 1, p. 49-62
Kamei, T., Kumano, H., & Masumura, S. 1997, Changes of immunoregulatory cells associated with psychological stress and humor. Percept Mot Skills, 84 (3 Pt 2), 1296-1298.
Lefcourt, H., Davidson-Katz, K., & Kueneman, K. 1990, Humor and immune system functioning. International Journal of Humor Research, 3 (3), 305-321.
Sultanoff, S. (Summer, 1999). Examining the Research on Humor: Being Cautious About Our Conclusions the "President´s Column" in Therapeutic Humor, Publication of the American Association for Therapeutic Humor, Vol. XIII, (3), P. 3.
Therapeutic Humour and Medicine
Black, Donald W. 1984, "Laughter". J Am Medical Association, 252:21, 2995-8.
Cousins, Norman. 1976, "Anatomy of an Illness". New England J of Medicine, v295, 1458-1463.
Cousins,Norman. 1989, “Head first: the biology of hope”. New York: Dutton
Haig, R.A., The Anatomy of Humour: Biopsychosocial and Therapeutic Perspective, Springfield, IL: Thomas
Lambert, N.K., Lambert, R.B 1995, The effects of humour on Secretory Immunoglobin A levels in school aged children, Pediatric Nursing 21 p. 16-19
Levinson, W., Roter, D., Mullooly, J., Dull, V., & Frankel, R. 1997, Physician-patient communication; The relationship with malpractice claims among primary care physicians and surgeons. Journal of the American Medical Association, 277(7), 553-559.
Spitzer, P 2001, The Australian Family Physician journal Vol30, No.1, Jan 2001 the lead articles are on the subject of "Is Humour Medicinal?"
Van Blerkom, L 1995, Clown doctors: shaman healers of Western medicine. Med Anthropol Q, 9 (4), 462-75.
Therapeutic Humour and Psychotherapy
Dunkelbau, Edward. 1987, "´That´ll Be Five Cents, Please!´: Perceptions of Psychotherapy in Jokes and Humor." Handbook of Humor and Psychotherapy. Eds. William Fry and Waleed Salameh. Sarasota, FL: Professional Resource Exchange, 307-314.
Eberhart, Elvin (Cy). 1993, "Humor as a Religious Experience" Advances in Humor and Psychotherapy. Eds. Fry, William F., and Waleed A. Salameh. Sarasota, FL: Professional Resource Press, pp. 97-120
Farrelly, Frank, and Michael Lynch. 1987, "Humor in Provocative Therapy." Handbook of Humor and Psychotherapy. Eds. William Fry and Waleed Salameh. Sarasota, FL: Professional Resource Exchange, pp. 81-106.
Fay, Allen M.D. 1989, ©1978, Making Things Better by Making Them Worse. NY NY: Hawthorne Books.
Fry, William F., and Waleed A. Salameh, Eds. 1993, Advances in Humor and Psychotherapy. Sarasota, FL: Professional Resource Press.
Fry, William F., and Waleed A. Salameh. 1987, Handbook of Humor and Psychotherapy: Advances in the Clincial Use of Humor. Sarasota, FL: Professional Resource Exchange.
Gelkopf, Marc, and Mircea Sigal. 1995, "It is Not Enough to Have them Laugh: Hostility, Anger, and Humor-Coping in Schizophrenic Patients." HUMOR: International Journal of Humor Research 8.3, pp. 273-284.
Gelkopf, M. & Kreitler, S. 1996, Is humor only fun, an alternative cure or magic? The cognitive therapeutic potential of humor. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy: An International Quarterly, 10(4), 235-254.
Gillikan, L. S., and Peter Derks. 1991, "Humor Appreciation and Mood in Stroke Patients." Cognitive Rehabilitation. 9, pp. 30-35.
Goodheart, Annette. 1994, Laughter Therapy. Santa Barbara, CA: Stress Less Press.
Grossman, Saul A. 1988, "The Use of Jokes in Psychotherapy." It´s a Funny Thing, Humour. Eds. Antony Chapman and Hugh Foot. NY: Pergamon, 1977, 149-52. Haig, Robin Andrew. The Anatomy of Humor: Biopsychosocial and Therapeutic Perspectives. NY: Thomas.
Hageseth, Christian. 1988, A Laughing Place. Fort Collins CO: Berwick Pub Co.
Killinger, Barbara. 1977, "The Place of Humour in Adult Psychotherapy." It´s a Funny Thing, Humour. Eds. Antony Chapman and Hugh Foot. NY: Pergamon, pp. 153-56.
Kisner, Bette. 1994, "The Use of Humor in the Treatment of People." The Handbook of Humor: Clinical Applications to Psychotherapy. Malabar, FL: Krieger, pp. 133-156.
Kubie, L. 1971, The destructive potential of humor in psychotherapy. American Journal of Psychiatry, 127, 861-866.
Lefcourt, H. and Martin, R. 1986, Humor and Life Stress. New York, NY: Springer-Verlag.
Marcus, N. N. 1990, Treating those who fail to take themselves seriously: pathological aspects of humor. Am J Psychother, 44 (3), 423-432.
Martin, R.A. & Dobbin, J. P. 1988, Sense of humor, hassles, and immunoglubulin a: evidence for a stress-moderating effect of humor. International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine, 18(2), 93-105.
Martin, R.A., &. Lefcourt, H.M. 1983, Sense of humor as a moderator of the relation between stressors and moods. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54, 520-525.
McGhee, Paul E.; & J.H Goldstein (eds). 1983, The Handbook of Humor Research (Volumes I & II). NY NY: Springer-Verlag.
Porterfield, A.L. 1987, Does sense of humor moderate the impact of life stress on psychological and physiological well-being? Journal of Research in Personality, 21, 306-317.
Prerost, F. J. 1984 "Evaluating the Systematic Use of Humor in Psychotherapy with Adolescents." Journal of Adolescents, vol. 7, pp. 267-76.
Richman, J. 1996, Points of correspondence between humor and psychotherapy. Psychotherapy, 33(4), 560-566.
Rosenheim, E. & Golan, G. 1986, Patients´ reactions to humorous interventions in psychotherapy. American Journal of Psychotherapy, 40(1), 110-124.
Salovey, P., Rothman, A., Detweiler, J. B., & Steward, W. T. 2000, Emotional states and physical health. American Psychologist, 55(1), 110-121.
Seligman, M. & Csikszentmihalyi, M. 2000, Positive psychology: An introduction. American Psychologist, 55(1), 5-14.
Seligman, M. 1998, Learned optimism: How to change your mind and your life (2nd ed.). New York: Pocket Books.
Shaughnessy, Michael F., and Terresa M. Wadsworth 1992, "Humor in Counseling and Psychotherapy: A 20-Year Retrospective." Psychological Reports, vol. 70, pp. 755-762.
Sultanoff, S. May, 1994, Therapeutic uses of humor. The California Psychologist, Publication of the California Psychological Association, 25.
Titze, Michael 1987, "The ´Conspirative Method´: Applying Humoristic Inversion in Psychotherapy." Handbook of Humor and Psychotherapy. Eds. William Fry and Waleed Salameh. Sarasota, FL: Professional Resource Exchange, 287-306.
Valiant, G. E. 2000, Adaptive mental mechanisms: Their role in a positive psychology. American Psychologist, 55(1), 89-98.
Therapeutic Humour and Nursing
Bellart, Judy 1989, Humor: a therapeutic approach in oncology nursing. Cancer Nursing, 12:2.
Buckwalter, K. C., Gerdner, L. A., Hall, G. R., Stolley, J. M., Kudart, P., & Ridgeway, S. 1995, Shining through: the humor and individuality of persons with Alzheimer´s disease. J Gerontol Nurs, 21 (3), 11-16.
Buffum, M. & Brod, M. 1998, "Humor and well-being in spouse caregivers of patients with Alzheimer;s disease" Applied Nursing Research, 1998 Feb, 11(1) pp. 12-18.
Dean, R. A. 1997, Humor and laughter in palliative care. J Palliat Care, 13 (1), 34-39.
Dossey, B.M., Keegan, L., Guzzetta, C.E., Kolkmeier, L.G. 1995, Play and Laughter, Moving towards harmony, in eds. Holistic Nursing: A Handbook for Practice, Kolkmeier L.G., Gaithersburg M.D., Aspen Publishers, , p. 315-330
Green, L. 1990, "Feeling Good: Humor in the facility". J of Long Term Care Administration, 1990:Fall, 5-8.
Herth, Kaye. 1990, "Contributions of humor as perceived by the terminally ill". Am J of Hospital Palliative Care, 7:1.
Hulse, J. R. 1994, Humor: a nursing intervention for the elderly. Geriatr Nurs, 15 (2), 88-90.
Hunt, A. H. 1993, Humor as a nursing intervention. Cancer Nurs, 16 (1), 34-39.
Kennedy, P., & Marsh, N. J. 1993, Effectiveness of the use of humor in the rehabilitation of people with SCI: a pilot study. J Am Paraplegia Soc, 16 (4), 215-218.
Klein, Allen 1998, The Courage to Laugh. Los Angeles, Tarcher.
Kuhlman, Thomas 1988, "Gallows Humor for a Scaffold Setting: Managing aggresive patients on a maximum security forensic unit". Hospital & Community Psychiatry, v39, 1085-1090.
Matz, A. Brown, S.T. 1998, "Humor and pain management". Journal of Holistic Nursing, 16 (1) 68-75.
McGhee, P. 1998, Rx: laughter. RN, 61 (7), 50-53.
Richman, J. 1995, The lifesaving function of humor with the depressed and suicidal elderly. Gerontologist, 35 (2), 271-273.
Ritz, Sandy 1995, "Survivor Humor and Disaster Nursing" In Buxman, K. (ed), Nursing Perspectives on Humor. Staten Island,NY: Power Publications.
Robinson, V. 1991, Humor and the Health Professions, 2nd ed. Thorofare, NJ: Charles B. Slack.
Rosenberg, Lisa 1991, "Clinical Articles: A qualitative investigation of the use of humor by emergency personnel as a strategy for coping with stress". J of Emergency Nursing, 17:4.
Showalter, S. E., & Skobel, S. 1996, Hospice: humor, heartache and healing. Am J Hosp Palliat Care, 13 (4), 8-9.
Simon, Jolene M. 1987, "The therapeutic value of humor in aging adults". J of Gerontological Nursing, 14:8, 9-13.
Simon, Jolene M. 1988, "Therapeutic Humor: Who´s fooling who?". J of Psychosocial Nursing & Mental Health Service, 26:4, 8-12.
Simon, Jolene M. 1988, "Humor and the older adult: Implications for nursing". J of Advanced Nursing, v14, 441-446.
Simon, Jolene M. 1988, "Humor and Its Relationship to Perceived Health, Life Satisfaction, and Morale in Older Adults". Issues in & Mental Health Nursing, v11, 17-31.
Simon, Jolene M.1989, "Humor techniques for oncology nurses". Oncology Nursing Forum, v16, 667-670.
White, C. & Howse, E. 1993, "Managing Humor; When Is It Funny - And When Is It Not?" Nursing Management, 24 (4), pp. 80-92.
Wooten, Patty. 1999, "Humor, Laughter and Play - Maintaining Balance in a Serious World" In Holistic Nursing Handbook. Dossey, B. and Keegan, L (eds.). Baltimore, Aspen Publishing.
Wooten, Patty 1996, "Humor: An antidote for Stress". Holistic Nursing Practice, 10 (2). pp. 49-56.
Wooten, Patty 1997, "You´ve Got to be Kidding! Humor Skills for Surviving Managed Care". Dermatology Nursing, 9 (6) pp. 423-428.
Humour in Crisis Situations
Klein, Allen 2001, "How Can You Laugh at a Time Like This?" AATH (online).
Harris David A c1988, The Jokes of Oppression: The Humour of Soviet Jews., Izrail Rabinovich. Northvale N.J.:J Aronson.
Moran, C.C. and Massam, M. 1997, An evaluation of humour in emergency work. The Australasian Journal of Disaster and Trauma Studies, 3, 26-38.
Moran, C.C. 1990, Does the use of humour as a coping strategy affect the stresses associated with emergency work? International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters, 8, 361-377.
Sultanoff, Steve Oct 2001 "Using Humor in Crisis Situations". AATH (online).
Therapeutic Humour at Work
Barreca, Regina, 1991 They Used to Call Me Snow White . . . But I Drifted: Women´s strategic use of humor. NY NY: Viking-Penguin Pub.
Blumenfeld, E., & Alpern, L. 1994, Humor at Work. Atlanta: Peachtree Publishers.
Kushner, Malcolm 1990, The Light Touch. NY NY: Simon & Schuster.
Morreall, John 1997, Humor Works. Amherst, MA: HRD Press, Inc.
Paulson, Terry 1989, Making Humor Work Los Altos CA: Crisp Publishing,.
Therapeutic Humour Skills and Development
Bates, Roger 1995, How to be Funnier, Happier, Healthier and More Successful Too! Minneapolis: Trafton Publishing,
Humour and Wellbeing
Dossey, L 1996, Now You are fit to Live”: humour and health, Alternative Therapies 2, p. 8-13, 99-100.
Kraus, P Lefcourt, Herbert M & Martin, Rod A. 1986, Humour and life stress: antidote to adversity Lefcourt, Herbert M. New York; Berlin: Springer-Verlag,
Siegel, B Love, medicine & Miracles Harper Perennnial